EM 1110-2-1100 (Change 1)
31 Jul 03
A nearly horizontal part of the beach or backshore formed by the deposit of material by wave action. Some beaches
have no berms, others have one or several. (See Figure A-1)
The point representing the limit of normal HIGH TIDE wave run-up (see BERM CREST)
The carrying away of beach materials by wave action, tidal currents, littoral currents, or wind.
The section of the beach normally exposed to the action of the wave uprush. The FORESHORE of a BEACH. (Not
synonymous with SHOREFACE.)
Material placed on a beach to renourish eroding shores, usually pumped by dredge but sometimes delivered by
The cliff, dune or sea wall looming above the land ward limit of the active beach
Granular sediments, usually sand or shingle moved by the sea.
See BEACH FILL.
BEACH PLAN SHAPE
The shape of the beach in plan; usually shown as a contour line, combination of contour lines or recognizable
features such as beach crest and/or the still water line
A cross-section taken perpendicular to a given beach contour; the profile may include the face of a dune or sea wall,
extend over the backshore, across the foreshore, and seaward underwater into the NEARSHORE zone.
See RIDGE, BEACH.
See SCARP, BEACH.
Appendix A Glossary of Coastal Terminology