EM 1110-2-1100 (Change 1)
31 Jul 03
Quarried or artificially-broken rock for use in construction, either as aggregate or cut into shaped blocks as
Stone heavy enough to require handling individual pieces by mechanical means, generally weighing 900 kg (1 ton)
A rise above normal water level on the open coast due to the action of wind stress on the water surface. Storm surge
resulting from a hurricane also includes that rise in level due to atmospheric pressure reduction as well as that due to wind
stress. See WIND SETUP.
See STORM SURGE.
A relatively narrow waterway between two larger bodies of water (e.g., Strait of Gibraltar). See also SOUND.
(1) The shore or beach of the ocean or a large lake. The land bordering any large body of water, especially a sea or
an arm of the ocean. (2) WHARF, QUAY, or roadway along a water body, esp. in a city, sometimes known as a bund.
A prograded shore built seawards by waves and currents.
A wave-cut platform; an elevated wave-cut terrace
The running aground of a ship upon a STRAND, ROCK, or bottom so that it is fast for a time.
An accumulation of debris (e.g. seaweed, driftwood and litter) cast up onto a beach, and lying along the limit of
wave up rush. A shoreline above the present water level
(1) A course of water flowing along a bed in the Earth. (2) A current in the sea formed by wind action, water
density differences, etc.; e.g. the Gulf Stream. See also CURRENT, STREAM.
A narrow, deep and swift ocean current, such as the Gulf Stream. Opposite of DRIFT CURRENT.
The branch of geology concerned with the internal structure of bed rock and the shapes, arrangement, and
interrelationships of rock units.
Situated or occurring on or adjacent to the surface of the earth, usually meaning above the water surface.
That part of the beach which is uncovered by water (e.g. at low tide sometimes referred to as drying beach).
Appendix A Glossary of Coastal Terminology